Thursday, March 10, 2011

TESTS: Teaching Everyone Some Terrible Stuff (Part I)

Vickie Bergman blogs about education and parenting at Demand Euphoria

If you are required to take one test or quiz every week of your school life, you could end up taking roughly 400 of them in twelve years. And you will be required to complete all 400 of these school tests all by yourself. You have to know or correctly guess sixty-five percent of the answers at the time of the test to be considered passing. What will these kinds of tests teach you? Something Terrible: that it is really important to know all the answers. That you are a failure if you don't remember or don't understand or never learned something. How will this prepare you for life after school?

Sure, you could grow up to be someone, like a surgeon or a pilot, who will be faced with making a lot of really important decisions. But even in these high-profile careers, you would have access to help most of the time, when needed. And it would be especially important for you to know when you needed help and seek it out, so you might avoid making a stupid mistake. It would only be in an unusual situation where you would have to make a completely independent decision when you weren't quite sure what to do. But this is why you wouldn't be allowed to perform surgery or fly planes without first amassing lots of knowledge and training and practice specific to these situations. This is different from compulsory schooling because, well, it's not compulsory. Anyone who is in training to be a surgeon or pilot has freely chosen his path, knowing in advance what it will entail, and being free to stop at any point. Any test taken along this path is taken by choice.

Admittedly, there will be some times when all of us will have to make decisions or solve problems without being able to consult a friend, or Google. For example, when driving cars, we have to make decisions that could even mean the difference between living and dying. But I'm pretty sure that what gets me through these times is my experience with and knowledge about driving, and maybe a little bit of luck, and has little to do with how many tests I ever took on unrelated topics.

I was one of those students who did well on tests. Apparently I had a good short-term memory, even for facts I didn't care about. And I did care about grades. That combination made me a strong student. But now, in my post-school life, it looks more like a weakness then a strength. It is a weakness, being afraid to admit to not knowing something. I hate it when I don't know an answer, or when people are talking about something I have never heard of. I expect myself to know everything. Because in the world of school, "I don't know" means you fail. And I almost never failed. The few times I did, it was not acceptable. Now I have to remind myself that it's OK not to know things. I have had to practice saying "I don't know."

But that shouldn't be such a big deal for anyone, because in most real-life situations, it is all right if you don't know all the answers, or even any of the answers. I would even say that you can hope for better results if you can quickly admit that you do not know the answer to a specific question, or the best solution to a problem. Because the best things to know are when you need help and where to go for help. And then you go there. And you ask for help. You are not alone and you don't have to figure things out on your own. Unless you are in school taking a test. Then you're on your own, sorry. Get back to work. You shouldn't even be reading this.

I can't remember the last time, outside of school, when I had to take a test, or even answer one question, where I didn't have time to or wasn't allowed to consult someone else or some technology to help me figure out the answers. So why do we force our children to perform this way on a weekly basis for more than a decade of each of their lives?

This video does a nice job of showing a view that differs from those who believe that tests in school (Naplan et al) are important to people who believe in the value of standardized tests as an important indicator of knowledge and skill.


  1. In short, and more outlined in my blog or to be outlined when I get to it...
    standardized tests originated through the marriage of eugenics (basically, "science" of racism and classism) and IQ tests. They were to prove inferiority of certain peoples. Such tests were also popular in Prussia where compulsory school and (close to) standardized tests first originated; a country where educations purpose was to teach (brainwash) obedience to the king and to train kids for jobs- not further their minds, but just decide who can do what and that's all they can do.
    The first standardized exam in the USA, the SAT-1 (not the SAT you take for college, rather the Stanford Achievement Test) was developed alongside the stanford-binet IQ test. The SAT-1 had questions in order of difficulty, so let's say there are 100 questions and you answered up to 90, you were smarter/more proficient than if you'd only got to 20. Well I don't have the exam in front of me but recall vaguely...the first question asked something like the color of milk is..(a,b,c,d answer).The last question was something like which of these carpets is most luxurious? (a,b,c,d, and I can;t even begin to guess or recall the answers). See even I would be a little "inferior" because while I am not a minority, I am not upper class because I don't know squat about carpets.
    This SAT-1 became the SAT-2, 3.....then the CAT 1 through 9 in California, then the CST in California.
    Makes you wonder how much bias and secret IQ alignment and racism/classism still exists in these tests.
    And I'm the data and assessment coordinator for my district, shame on me. I hate these tests but alas it's my job to administer them, so I try and inform people about them so I can feel better about my job, lol.

  2. OMG, I'm waking up from a dream! The unreality of testing has brainwashed us from day 1.

  3. haha just saw Tom Chapin live here in Prescott, AZ. Love that synchronistic taste...

  4. Every year teachers are face with the dilemma of teaching to the state tests. Teachers look at their scores, find student weaknesses, and stress those areas the most. In Ohio, sixth graders are permitted to use calculators on the test. If students are using calculators, then they are just learning how to find the answers, and they are not learning the content. A great amount of sixth grade content has to do with multiplication and division between fraction and decimals, finding percents, and solving equations. Basic multiplication and division is a perfect example of this problem. But because of calculators, students never fully obtain the knowledge. Students need to rehearse the products in their short-term memory (working memory in order for it to get retained into their long-term memory (Gredler, Ormrod, Schunk, 2008).
    Reference: Gredler,M., Ormrod, J., Schunk, D. (2009). Learning theory and instruction. New York:Pearson.