We (especially students!) all know that not all lectures are created equal. Student AmberDawn Miley pointed this out in a discussion on Facebook when she said, “Just a thought. If teachers delivered like TED people. A lot more students would be tuned in.” (2012)
So what can educators do to make their lectures more engaging?
Below are two Ignite Presentations from college professors. For the purposes of this post, these presentations make perfect lectures to watch and analyze because they are from trained, experienced educators; they are short; and, they are meant to spark discussion, conversation, and ideas. Exactly the result teachers want for their students.
The lecture in the “Don’t” side evoked the following responses from students who were asked how they would feel if their teacher gave such a lecture
- I would feel I should just be able to read that paper to myself somewhere more comfortable.
- I would feel bored to death.
- I would feel wonder as to why I bothered coming to class.
- I would feel like I was suffering.
- I would feel like my time would be better spent reading a book on my e-reader.
These are certainly not the reactions we want!
So, how can lecturing teachers and professors help students stay tuned in? Watch each to find examples of what you should and should not do when delivering a lecture.
Lecture Do’s and Don’ts
|1||Watch sample||Watch lectures done by speakers from whom you want to learn. Here is a lecture that contains many of the “do’s” listed here. |
Margie Anne Bonnett
|Watch lectures done by speakers who are not well received. Don’t do what they do. Here is a lecture* that contains many of the “dont’s” listed here.
Shaun Johnson* (see footnote)
Pre-service teacher instructor
|2||Use powerful images||Use visuals that evoke an emotional response. Students complain about dry presentations. Poor imagery is a big reason why. Ensure images are relevant to the slide’s content; otherwise, they only distract and confuse.||Words should not dominate your slides. This is boring and causes listeners to tune out. Your voice should contain your words. Your slides should not.|
|3||Convey emotion in your voice||Passion ignites and an inspires an audience. Tell a story. Show you care. Let your passion inspire and become contagious.||Don’t read in a monotone voice. In fact don’t read at all. Have talking points and know what you are saying. Your lecture should sound as though you are talking to someone not doing choral reading.|
|4||Use humor, carefully and selectively||Engaging lectures often contain a cartoon or two, and an occasional joke breaks down barriers and prevents clock-watching. Effective humor for a lecture steers clear of controversial topics and has at least some relevance to the topic. Humor can also be used to help make key points sink in.||Don’t be dry. Be human. Laugh a little to connect with your audience. When you insert humor you can connect with audiences in ways that convey that you are speaking to them not at them.|
|5||Remember your audience||Instead of giving a speech, engage the audience in a conversation. Make sure you make eye contact and connect with them. Ask them to participate by providing thoughtful questions for them to consider or respond to. For this to work, you must ask questions that require people to think, but not so hard as to make them clam up. Watch their reactions.||Don’t forget you are speaking to an audience. Don’t forget to look at them. See how they are responding. This is about them, not you. Watch to ensure they are connecting and adjust if they are not.|
|6||Prepare||You can always tell when a presenter has practiced: slide transitions are impeccably timed, explanations are crystal clear, and questions are fielded smoothly, never disrupting the flow of the lecture. Polished execution captures and sustains interest, and cannot be accomplished by “winging it.”||Don’t read off a piece of paper. Your audience will zone out and stop listening to what you’re saying, which means they won’t hear any extra information you include. Instead practice your presentation and connect with your audience. Rather than typing out your entire presentation on a piece of paper, practice and let images, main ideas, and keywords remind you of what you are saying. Engage your audience by sharing the details out loud.|
|7||Watch yourself on video||Watching yourself in action is a great way to see your strengths and weaknesses. Flaws really are more glaring to ourselves than to others. It may be painful, but even a few minutes reviewing your performance on video could save your students from having to suffer through a lecture.||Don’t assume how your audience will perceive you. Be the audience by watching yourself then adjust accordingly. When you do keep the tips shared here in mind.|
Give tangible takeaways
|After listening to your lecture, your audience should be left with some ideas that they can take away and use for their own personal success goals, learning, or to engage in concrete action.||Don’t just lecture at people without providing explicit information to them about what they can do or take away from your lecture. Your job is not just to impart information, but to directly inspire and let people know how what you have shared will lead to their success.|
|9||Be a story-teller, not a presenter||Even if you don’t really think your topic is ‘story-like’, find the story in it. Lectures that work best are funny, revealing, have a start and end, and simple, pretty design.||Don’t just deliver facts. Connect with your audience. Tell a story. Seem like you are a human, not a robot.|
For example if you’re sharing a strategy, show it in action so your audience can see or imagine how this has had an impact.
|10||Memorize your talk||This is definitely one of the most challenging and fun parts of lecturing to students. If you forget what you were going to say, freestyle into something more interesting. Know your topic and practice, but leave some room for that in-the-moment energy.||No one wants a paper-trained professor. Lose the paper, get to know your material, and speak from the heart. Remember every time you present you have the chance to excite and inspire. That doesn’t happen when you are latching onto to a piece of paper. Don’t hide behind the paper. Know your talk and speak to your audience.|
As you think of these do’s and don’t think about what lecture you can provide that will motivate your students to pursue higher learning and achieve their goals for success. What can you deliver that will pique their interest in digging deeper into the work that is most meaningful to them? What can you say that can ignite passion and spark the direction a young person wants to go in life? These are things to keep in mind as you consider what the role of your lecture will be and how to make it special enough to engage and inspire students.
"Shaun Johnson has already learned something -- the college professor removed his what-not-to-do lecture from YouTube after this post was published."