Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Face Off - Microsoft or Adobe for #Accessibility

Word & PDF logos with boxing gloves punching in between
As accessibility consciousness increases, more and more people are wondering what provider to use to make accessible content? WebAIM (Web Accessibility In Mind)* surveyed preferences of screen reader users comparing Microsoft Word and Adobe PDF. 

Creating accessible content is not only important because it is the right thing to do. It is also important because not doing so leaves institutions and businesses at risk for lawsuits and loss of funding. 

The verdict?

WebAIM research showed that respondents were much more favorable of Word documents than of PDF documents - 30.9% indicated that Word documents are very or somewhat likely to pose significant accessibility issues, compared to 75.1% for PDF documents.


Because it is a challenge to make Adobe products accessible, a institutions like Penn State, are suggesting staff avoid Adobe.

Accessible first. Not accessible search.

It’s not that Adobe can’t be made accessible. The problem is it’s not intuitive. For example, the two most important tools for reviewing and repairing PDF accessibility are the Tags pane and the Accessibility tools pane. They are both hidden by default in Acrobat. Accessibility should be the default, not the thing some people search to try to accomplish. Another problem is that several languages are not supported and there is no timeline for a fix. 

Heading navigation is key

Regardless of the platform used, the research indicates that navigating headings remains the predominant method for finding page information by those using screen readers. It also makes a page much easier and comfortable for everyone to digest. 

Up next?

Let’s put out a challenge for WebAIM to see how Google and Apple fare with feedback from respondents who use screen readers.

*WebAIM (Web Accessibility In Mind) provides comprehensive web accessibility solutions and is a leading provider of web accessibility expertise internationally. WebAIM is a non-profit organization based at the Center for Persons with Disabilities at Utah State University. WebAIM's mission is to expand the potential of the web for people with disabilities by providing the knowledge, technical skills, tools, organizational leadership strategies, and vision that empower organizations to make their own content accessible to people with disabilities. 

Sunday, October 27, 2019

Digital FIRST: Your New Acronym for Accessible Content

There may be times when you think it is okay to provide a print/paper only version of content for a student. The reality as is you should do this never, ever, never, never, ever.

Lisa Nielsen, Senior Director of Digital Literacy and Inclusion has her  index finger raised in the air and pointing.  She is telling people that they should never, ever, never, never, ever provide paper only.
Lisa Nielsen sharing when we should use only a print version of content.
Answer: Print only should be used never, ever, ever, ever, never ever.
That's because, if you’re thinking paper first, you’re not thinking accessible first. 

If content is not digital FIRST, it is not: 
  • Find-able through CTRL+F or tabs
  • Increasable to a variety of sizes 
  • Readable by a screen reader
  • Searchable by search engines 
  • Translatable by Artificial Intelligence
Credit for creating the FIRST acronym to my digital accessibility and inclusion colleagues at the New York City Department of Education: Clay Smith and Patricia Paddock.  

Sunday, October 20, 2019

Accessibility Isn't A Nice to Have. It's A Must Have.

In her book, Haben Girma, the first deafblind student to graduate Harvard Law, explains her frustration with not being able to access the cafeteria menu at her college. Like most humans, Haben loves delicious food. Fighting for this access was part of her inspiration for later pursuing her law degree.

It's surprising that large food chain like Domino's pizza, doesn't get that everyone, including those with disabilities, want access to the food they find delicious. 
Three plates with people holding pizza in their hands

The Domino's Decision

Fortunately, the  U.S. Supreme Court understands this. Their recent decision to not hear Domino's petition on whether its website is accessible to the disabled is a win for everyone who believes in inclusivity. While Domino's, and some other retailers, consider this a loss, their view is short-sighted.
  • First, it's a terrible look from a public relations perspective to take a stand against providing access to your goods to those with disabilities. 
  • Second, it's a terrible business decision to cut off the largest minority community in the world, those with disabilities. 

Accessibility on School Websites

Retailers are not the only ones being sued for not providing accessible content. The largest school system in the nation, the New York City Department of Education has an agreement with the Office of Civil Rights to ensure all websites are accessible. More and more schools should anticipate being the focus of increased scrutiny and challenges to the accessibility of their websites. Failure to do so can have devastating consequences. These include costly lawsuits as well as possibly losing millions of dollars in federal funding. 

Fortunately, most school staff are excited to discover ways to learn how to include more of their school community into communication.

Preparing for Accessibility

To prepare and respond accordingly more and more businesses and government agencies are creating digital content with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines in mind. This means they provide training and support to staff to ensure they understand how to do this.  

Accessibility isn't just the right thing to do, it also makes content better for everyone. Doesn't it make sense to invest time and money into making content better and available to those with disabilities rather than investing time and money into lawsuits?

    Tuesday, October 8, 2019

    Fixing One of the Biggest Accessibility Issues: Color Contrast

    Part of making content accessible includes ensuring that the contrast ratio is set to be fully accessible to anyone. Inaccessible color contrast is the top issue for digital content, but fixing it, or having it right from the start, is easy. In this article you'll learn why this is important, what the standard is for color contrast, and how to make content with accessible color contrast.

    Why this is important

    • 6% of population is color blind 
    • 2.3% of population has low vision (BCVA of less than 20/70, visual field loss, or legal blindness)
    • Everyone using a device in bright sunlight struggles with poor color contrast

    The Web Content Accessibility Guideline Standard for color contrast:

    • 4.5:1 or higher for most text 
    • 3:1 or higher for large text (18 font) or large bold text (14 point, bold)
    Screenshot of the WebAim Color Contrast Checker. It shows a foreground and background color with a 7:18:1 contrast ratio. This passes WCAG AA and AAA for normal and large text as well as graphical objects and user interface components.
    This is what it looks like when you visit WebAim’s Color Contrast Checker

    How to find out if you're meeting the standard

    What if you don't meet the standard?

    • Use the lightness slider to adjust the color so it has a contrast ratio that passes.
    • When you have a passing ratio, replace your colors with the new colors.

    Back In the classroom

    When educators use color contrast that meets accessibility standards, they help to make content that all students and their families can access. They should also teach their students to create accessible content as well.